The Five Minute Writing Tip #5 - Why Can’t We All Just Get Along? For Subject/Verb Agreement, read this
Most people don’t like conflict. Life is nice when everyone agrees. The same is true for subjects and verbs. When they agree, the writing is nice, i.e. correct; when they don’t, red flags fly. The standard rule is that a singular subject requires a singular verb and a plural subject requires a plural verb. But there are gray areas, which can be confusing. Here are some quick and easy ways of making sure your subjects and verbs get along:
Ascertain which noun is the subject of your sentence.
A reference list (singular subject) is (single verb) provided in the appendix.
The snails (plural subject) are (plural subject) lined up waiting for the race to start.
Collective nouns take a plural verb.
The aroma of baking cookies make my mouth water. (incorrect)
The aroma of baking cookies makes my mouth water. (correct)
Aroma is the subject of the sentence and agrees with makes. The word cookies is the object.
When two or more subjects are connected by the word and, use a plural verb.
Swimming and running is my favorite form of exercise. (incorrect)
Swimming and running are my favorite forms of exercise. (correct)
The red rose and the white gardenia is the flowers she chose for the wedding bouquet. (incorrect)
The red rose and the white gardenia are the flowers she chose for her wedding bouquet. (correct)
When two or more subjects are connected by either, or neither, or nor, use a singular verb.
Either Jacob or Louis are driving me to the station. (incorrect)
Either Jacob or Louis is driving me to the station. (correct)
Either Karla or Karen are joining the cycling team. (incorrect)
Either Karla or Karen is joining the cycling team. (correct)
And finally, those moody subjunctives. When the sentence addresses something that is doubtful, hypothetical, wished, requested, or imagined, then the opposite of the standard rule is true: singular subjects connect with plural verbs.
I (singular subject) wish the English language were (plural subject) easier to understand.
Here’s my favorite subjunctive mood sentence provided by song writer Tim Hardin and made famous by Gordon Lightfoot:
“If I (singular subject) were (plural verb) a carpenter, and you (singular subject) were (plural verb) a lady . . ..” If you were/are older than forty, I imagine you know the rest of the line.
Cave Art Press is pleased to announce the publication and release of Now that I’m Thinking About It . . .. a collection of poems written by Denny Palmer.
Densley Palmer—Denny to his friends—is a layman and retired psychologist who has written poetry all his adult life. Many of his pieces reflect his spiritual beliefs and are written as new—warm and inclusive—words to old hymns. Others are whimsical musings on ageing, computers, nature, militarism, and other subjects. Over the years, Denny has shared many of his pieces with family members and friends, including Réanne Hemingway-Douglass of Cave Art Press. When Réanne suggested to him that they deserved a wider audience, Denny agreed to allow Cave Art Press to publish a selection of his more recent writings as “a service to poetry.”
The book is available at Watermark Books and on Amazon.